There are two types of gum diseases, periodontis and gingivitis. Periodontal disease, is a severe gum inflammation that can eventually result in tooth and bone loss. Gingivitis is also referred to as bleeding gums.

Gingivitis is the ailment of gum inflammation due to inadequate oral hygiene. It is one of the periodontal diseases. This condition affects the tissues surrounding teeth and gums. Gingivitis can lead to more severe gum problems like periodontitis and may eventually lead to the destruction of bone and tooth loss if left untreated. Gum disease can be connected with:

  • Bone loss
  • Pocketing around the teeth
  • Severe cases of loosening on the teeth
  • Tooth loss


  • Inflammation
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Pain
  • Possible bleeding of the gums
  • Bad breath or halitosis
  • Discoloration of the gums
  • Structural changes
  • Tender and painful gums
  • Deterioration of gum tissue and bone
  • Red gums

Causes for Inflammation of Gums

  • Local irritants
  • Plaque
  • Bacteria and food particles accumulating between the gums and the teeth
  • The toxic chemicals produced by the bacteria
  • Drugs, viral and fungal infections
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy and puberty
  • Poor nutrition
  • Medication

Risk Factors

The key reason behind periodontal (gum) disease is plaque. Other elements do affect the healthiness of your gums, such as:

Age- Reports say that the elderly hold the highest rates of periodontal disease.

Smoking – Tobacco use causes cancer, lung disease, cardiovascular disease, and other medical problems. Tobacco users also are at increased risk for periodontitis. Research has shown that tobacco use could be the most significant risk factor in the development and progression of periodontitis.

Genetics – Researchers have indicated that many people could be genetically vulnerable to gum illness. Even with good oral care, they could develop periodontal disease. Identifying a genetic test can help in early intervention treatment.

Stress – Stress is related to severe conditions like Hypertension, cancer, and numerous other illnesses. Stress is also a risk factor for periodontal disease.

Medicines-Some drugs affect dental health like oral contraceptives, anti-depressants, and certain heart medicines.

Teeth Clenching/ grinding – Teeth clenching/ grinding can pose an extra force in the teeth tissues supporting them. This may quicken the speed with the destruction of the periodontal tissues.

Other systemic illnesses – Other systemic diseases that hinder the human inflammatory framework may also deteriorate the gum condition. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and rheumatism are some conditions.

Poor Nutrition and Obesity – A diet plan low in essential nutrients can impact the human immunity mechanism. This will make it challenging for the entire body to repel infection. Because periodontitis begins in the form of poor nourishment and infection, it can decline your gums. Additionally, research reveals that obesity can elevate the danger of getting periodontal disease.

Prevention of gum disease

  • Brush regularly and after meals.
  • Rinse your mouth.
  • Visit your dentist regularly.
  • Consider dental sealants.
  • Floss your teeth regularly
  • Do not smoke
  • Drink some regular water.
  • Avoid frequent snacking and sipping.
  • Eat nicely balanced meals.
  • Avoid foods that get stuck in grooves and pits from the teeth for too long.

When gum disease occurs, use mouthwash, painkillers, and antibiotics like Metronidazole, and amoxicillin can help ease the pain.

Dental treatments

These dental treatments might be recommended for gum disease:

  • Scale and polish
  • Root planning
  • Antibiotics
  • Surgery


Gum disease is an illness in a person’s teeth who suffer from inflamed gums. Gum disease is reversible. If you need help with gum disease, go and see the people at:

It can usually go away entirely after a patient improves their oral cleanliness. This includes cleaning. So, ensure proper oral care for good dental hygiene.

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